Introduction to Vedic Maths

Vedic Mathematics is a system of mathematics consisting of a list of 16 basic sutras, or aphorisms. They were presented by a Hindu scholar and mathematician, Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja, during the early part of the 20th century.

The calculation strategies provided by Vedic mathematics are said to be creative and useful, and can be applied in a number of ways to calculation methods in arithmetic and algebra.

Vedic Maths is a system of mathematics consisting of a list of 16 basic Sutras and 13 sub Sutras. They were presented by a Hindu scholar and mathematician, Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja, during the early days of the 20th century. But for him this system would have been hidden from us for more years or for ever.

The calculation strategies provided by Vedic mathematics are creative and useful, and can be applied in a number of ways to calculation methods in arithmetic and algebra, most notably within the education system. Following are the sutras of Vedic Ganitha.

1.Ekadhikina Purvena   
Meaning:
 By one more than the one before.

2Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah
Meaning: All from 9 and the last from 10.

3.Urdhva-Tiryagbyham
Meaning: Vertically and crosswise

4.Paravartya Yojayet
Meaning: Transpose and Apply

5.Shunyam Saamyasamuccaye
Meaning: When the sum is the same that sum is zero

6.Anurupye Shunyamanyat
Meaning: If one is in ratio, the other is zero

7.Sankalana-vyavakalanabhyam 
Meaning:
 By addition and by subtraction

8.Puranapuranabyham
Meaning: By the Addition or Subtraction

9.Chalana-Kalanabyham
Meaning: Differences and Similarities

10. Yaavadunam
Meaning: Whatever the extent of its deficiency

11. Vyashtisamanstih
Meaning:
 Specific Part and Whole

12.Shesanyankena Charamena
Meaning:
 The remainders by the last digit

13. Sopaantyadvayamantyam
Meaning: The ultimate and twice the penultimate

14.Ekanyunena Purvena
Meaning: By one less than the previous one

15.Gunitasamuchyah 
Meaning: The product of the sum is equal to the sum of the product

16.Gunakasamuchyah
Meaning:
 All the Multupliers.